Soviet short-range tactical ballistic missile, developed in the 1960s. Stems from the SS-1A (R-1), which was developed during the Second World War as a copy of the German V-2 rocket, and expands on the SS-1B (R-2), developed by the Makeyev design bureau in 1957. A traveling ballistic missile system, fires missiles from a mobile platform. Consists of a combined transporter-erector-launcher. Travels by road and erects and launches the missile on the spot. Referred to as "scud" by the United States and NATO.

The person who developed the fundamental technology for SS-1C was Granin, director of the Soviet OKB-812 Design Bureau. On the basis of this technology, he designed and developed a mobile nuclear battery.